Lecture 30

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Classics 456  Dr. Soren

Roman Painting and Mosaics


         Lecture 30:  Encaustic Painting Technique


A. Early sources: Polygnotus, Pausias of Sikyon

B. Technique

   l. Marble or wood painting

   2. Cauterium

   3. Cestrum

   4. Feathering

   5. Laurie- Greek and Roman Methods of Painting 1910

   6. Labor intensive- small works only, not walls

   7. Warship logos

   8. Berger- Beitraege zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Malertechnik            

   9. Kertch Sarcophagus

  10. Fayoum

  11. Pagasae- Hediste Stele- death of mother and child,Volos

  12. Sinai



C. Alexandros of Athens- The Knucklebone Players

   l. Influence of white ground lekythoi

   2. Leto, Niobe, Phoebe, Agloia, Ileara

   3. Phoebe/ Artemis urges Niobe to apologize

   4. Pathos


D. Perithous attacks Centaur Eurytion- Lapiths and Centaurs

   l. Wedding feast for Hippodameia and Perithous

   2. Zeuxis of Heraklea- centaur family, Sulla takes it

   3. Meidias style vs. Parthenon



E. A Pompeiian Masterpiece- from The House of Adonis

   l. Centaur Chiron- Teacher of Asclepius

   2. Apollo- omphalos, Apollo Lykeios (wolfslayer, Lycian)

              Lycia in winter or Hyperboreans

              Purifier, healer of mind

   3. Aesculapius- son of Apollo and Coronis

      a. Coronis- daughter of Thessalian prince, unfaithful and

          killed by Artemis and son almost killed                            

      b. Apollo gives him to Chiron

   4. 293 B.C.- Roman plague, Sibylline Books, Epidauros 


F. Portraits from Pompeii

   l. Young Girl- aka "Sappho", Claudian style, Patrician

                  Tabella, Stilus, Calamus

                  Erasers- sponge or pumice

   2. Terentius Neo and Wife

                  Found in house adjoining pistrinum

For a PowerPoint of this lecture please click here.