Lecture 20

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       Lecture 20:  2nd Style Phase IIA and IIB


  1. House of the Cryptoporticus, Pompeii IIA
    1. 40-30 B.C.
    2. Closed wall begins to dominate
    3. Architecture frames figures now
    4. Great central picture in frame now
    5. Focal picture with side subordinates
    6. Reduced emphasis on great depth
    7. Distant perspectives disappear
    8. Increased ornamentation
    9. Architecture more fanciful
    10. Slenderizing trend begins
    11. Telamons and Caryatids popular
    12. Grotesques with volute tails
    13. Breakup of structural syntax starts
    14. Lack of taxis
    15. Odyssey Landscapes in this phase
    16. Durchblick reduced





1. The Farnese Gardens

                         a. Renaissance Villa

                 b. Residence of Antonio Chigi

                 c. Accademia dei Lincei- 1603

                 d. Trastevere


    2. Discovered 1819 during creation of dam in Tiber


  1. Circa 25 B.C.- Possibly built by Agrippa for Marcellus-Julia & Consul Gaius Claudius Marcellus wed Octavia


   4. Marcus Claudius Marcellus is her son

      a. Beloved of Augustus- weds Julia, Augustus daughter

      b. 25 B.C. Serves with Tiberius in Spain, weds Julia

      c. Dies 23 B.C.- Augustus dedicated theater in campus

          martius, Octavia dedicated library in her own portico    

      d. Villa is solemn place of love- Dionysus and Ariadne


D. H.G. Beyen- Studia Villgraff 1948 develops theory of owner

E. VILLA FARNESINA- STYLE - Only partially excavated-one  

     wing- unparalleled elegance

   1. Little illusionism- projecting pavilions frames for pictures

   2. Large mythological pictures

   3. Egyptian themes popular

   4. Isis statues emerge from vegetal candelabra

   5. Incredible delicacy and elegance and fine line high point

   6. Black triclinium followed by white corridor

   7. Paratactic schemes popular

   8. Bridge between Second and Third Styles

   9. Elegant compendiariae

 10. Neo-Attic, parallels 5th c. BC white ground lekythoi

     a. Parallels Athenian Achilles Painter of circa 430 B.C.

     b. Wilhelm Jensen’s famous  La Gradiva

     c. Sigmund Freud, Salvador Dali influenced

  11. Muse musicians- house as sacred museion

  12. Girl decanting perfume

  13. Venus enthroned

  14. Column of painting signed by Seleukos


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