Lecture 16

Attachment Size
456-16B.pdf2.46 MB 2.46 MB


       Lecture 16: The 2nd Style Phasing at Pompeii


  1. Style IA- House of the Griffins 80-60 B.C.
    1. Introduction of the 2nd plane
    2. Wall goes from closed to open
    3. Lighting parallels actual light source
    4. Tripartite vertical & horizontal divisions
    5. Scale and cube decorations trompe l’oeil


  1. Style 1B- Villa of the Mysteries 12 rooms 60-50 B.C.
  1. Upper Wall starts to open often
  2. Room glimpsed beyond this room
  3. View into another colonnade & tholos views
  4. Single vanishing point on one side occurs
  5. Less emphatic colors used in the distance
  6. Increased perspective views
  7. More virtuosity
  8. Vorhang Style begins- curtains
  9. Can be 3 or even 4 planes of vista architecture
  10. Large figural friezes popular


  1. The Villa of the Mysteries – Villa Urbana at Pompeii


  1. The Ordeal of a Bride – initiate into the rites of Dionysus


  1. Sequence of Events- Programmatic Painting arranged by wall


  1. Hieros Logos


  1. Pan and Panisca


  1. Unveiling of the phallus


  1. Satyr


  1. Lekantomanteia – mirror image, purification


  1. Dionysus and Ariadne – Pergamene Baroque style


  1. Hagesandros, Athanodoros and Polydoros of Rhodes


  1. Ritual flagellation – late Hellenistic style, influence of Praxiteles


  1. Vanth


  1. Cupid and Love and Psyche


  1. The Domina


    1. Upper wall begins to open up
    2. One vanishing point on 1 side, less emphatic distance colors
    3. More perspective views
    4. Vorhang (curtains) begin
    5. Tholoi popular and courtyard views
    6. Figural friezes appear occasionally


  1. Style 1C- Villa of Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale 40s BC
  1. Whole wall elaborately dissolved
  2. Increasingly overelaborate and functionless
  3. Lots of doors framed by columns
  4. Exotically ornamed doors- gems, tendrils
  5. Increased fantasy, sitting, dangling creatures
  6. Vivacious acroteria and decorative geegaws
  7. Upper wall can also recede into illusionistic vistas
  8. Independent accessories- masks, shields
  9. Architectural parallels- Theater of Pompey
  10. Transport owner into world of magic luxury of Hellenistic royal courts and mansions of Crassus, Lucullus and Sulla (J. Engemann)
  11. H. G. Beyen- Influence of theater and set painting
  12. Vitruvius- Comic, tragic, satyr plays
  13. Karl Schefold- influence of Baroque Ptolemaic Egypt

For a copy of the PowerPoint for this lecture please click here