Lecture 12

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Classics 456  Dr. Soren

Greek and Roman Painting and Mosaics


                                 Lecture 12: Etruscan Painting


A. Periods of Time in Etruscan Italy


   l. Archaic I- Before the Etruscans developed, beginning of

     Iron Age

  1. Archaic II- Before Etruscans, development of Iron Age


  1. Archaic III- 675-600 B.C. arrival of the Etruscans, period

 of Near Eastern influence, Orientalizing style                           

  1. The Archaic Period- 600-500 B.C. period of Etruscan   

 expansion into north and south Italy, increasing

        Greek artistic influence

  1. Classical Period- 500-300 B.C., Greek influence, golden 

 age of Athens, Etruscans begin to slip


  1. Hellenistic Period-300-30 B.C. dark days in Etruria,

 Roman absorption


B. The Etruscan City of Veii- The Campana Tomb

   l. Published 1915 by Andreas Rumpf

   2. Mixture of styles but lively and vibrant- lioness and cubs,

       boy on horseback amid tiny leopards, sphinx with seated


   3. Neo-Hittite sickle wings on sphinx and men's kilt

   4. Attic horse mane

   5. Corinthian long legged animals

   6. Etruscan joie de vivre- horror vacui

   7. Compare this with Thermon in Aetolia at the Temple

      of Apollo


C. The Boccanera Slabs from Caere- now in the British


   l. Circa 570 B.C.- first Italian paintings to tell a clear


   2. Women wear Corinthian garments

   3. Painted terracotta- pinakes leleukomenoi as invented by

      Kraton of Sicyon

   4. White undercoating and incise in details of figures

   5. R. Mengarelli in the Studi Etrusci 1927

   6. Archaic forms- pointed beard, strict profile, overlarge

       feet, almond sideways eye, no foreshortening


D. The Campana Slabs of Caere- now in the Louvre, ca. 520


   l. Massive confident figures with smooth contours parallel

      Caeretan hydriai and very Ionian looking


Caeretan hydriai are a particularly colourful type of Greek vase painting. Their geographic origin is disputed by scholars, but in recent years the view that they were produced by two potter-painters who had emigrated from East Greece to Caere in Etruria has gained ground. Based on their style, they were for the longest time considered as either Etruscan or Corinthian products. However, added inscriptions in Ionic Greek support the hypothesis of immigration. The workshop only lasted for one generation. By now, about 40 vases of the style are known, all produced by the two masters and their assistants. None were discovered outside Etruria. The majority were excavated in Caere, after which site they were named by Carl Humann and Otto Puchstein. They are dated to between about 530 and 510/500 BC.


   2. Deceased transported by winged Vanth


E. Tarquinia- great site for Etruscan painting in tombs

   l. Corneto

   2. Vittorio Masi and Barons Stackelberg and Kestner

   3. Notizie degli Scavi

   4. Studi Etruschi

   5. Monumenti della pittura antica scoperti in Italia

   6. Carlo Lerici


F. Tarquinian Research

   l. Mario Moretti

   2. Pericle Ducati

   3. H. Bulle

   4. R. Bartoccini


G. Tomb of the Bulls- ca. 540 B.C.  G. Korte, Tarquinia

   l. Troilus- son of Hecuba and Priam of Troy exercises

      horses by well              

   2. Polyxena absent

   3. Achilles

   4. Etruscans do not copy very well- careless and sloppy

   5. P. Zancani Montuoro- why use this scene

   6. Compare with Greek painting of South Italy such as

      Paestum's Tomb of the Diver-- less paesaggio, more

      megalographic in Greek South Italian work

     7. Compare Kleophrades painter of Red Figured Greek

 vases of early fifth century B.C.



For a copy of the PowerPoint for this lecture click here.