340b Lecture 19

Lecture 19: The World of the Theater

A. The Greek Theater- Theatron

    1. Origins- The Cult of Dionysus in Athens in the 6th century B.C., the Halos of Delphi

    2. Tragedy, Comedy and Satyr Plays

    3. Theater of Epidauros, Greece- 4th century B.C., set on hillside

        a. Chorus
        b. Orchestra
        c. Skene
        d. Parados
        e. Diazoma
        f. Proskenion
        g. Periaktoi

B. The Roman Theater [view images of earlier and later form of The Theatre at Priene and a drawing of the Theatre at Aspendus interior and exterior]

    1. Theater of Orange, France

    2. Action no longer in orchestra

    3. Cavea

    4. Pulpitum

    5. Scenae Frons

    6. Does not need to be on hill

C. Origins of the Roman Theater

    1. 364 B.C.- ister/istriones to Circus Maximus versus plague

    2. 240 B.C.- Livius Andronicus

        a. 284-204 B.C.- Greek freedman from Tarentum, South Italy
        b. Translates Homer's Odyssey into Latin
        c. Produces comedy and tragedy in Latin
        d. School children memorize him, plays in Circus Maximus

    3. 194 B.C.- separation of plebeians and senators

    4. 154 B.C.- senatorial decree, theater violates mos maiorum

    5. 58 B.C.- Theater of Aemilius Scaurus, Aventine Hill

        a. Sulla's stepson
        b. Abuses in Judaea while governing for Pompey
        c. Courts masses

    6. Theater of Gaius Scribonius Curio 52 B.C.

        a. Son of corrupt beneficiary of Sullan proscriptions
        b. Wavers dring civil wars but ends with Julius Caesar
        c. Rotating theater

    7. Theater of Pompey the Great 55-52 B.C.

        a. Age of theater mania in Rome
        b. First permanent stone theater is really a theater-temple to Venus
        c. Gnaeus Pompey- pro Sulla

            1)  72 B.C.- quells Spain's pro-Marius revolt
            2)  Allies with Crassus and defeats Spartacus
            3)  67 B.C.- defeats Cilciian pirates
            4)  66 B.C.- defeats Mithridates VI of Pontus
            5)  62 B.C.- returns to expected triumph in Rome but has problems
            6)  59 B.C.- The First Triumvirate- Caesar, Pompey and Crassus