340b Lecture 27

Lecture 27: The Emperor Nero and the Age of the Baroque

A. Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus

    1. Becomes Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus A.D. 54-68

    2. Mother Agrippina pushes him and tries to rule through him

    3. Weds Octavia but falls in love with Poppaea

    4. Attempts to kill his mother at Baiae- Severus and Celer design collapsible boat

    5. Apollo Helios his hero- celestial voice, lyre player

    6. The Tour of Greece and the Olympic Games

    7. The Fire of  A.D. 64- the Great Fire of Rome-- did he fiddle?

    8. Were the Christians blamed and persecuted in the Colosseum by Nero?

B. The Domus Transitoria- the Neronian Baroque Revolution [view an image showing the junction of two corridors within the Domus Transitoria]

    1. Severus and Celer- the master architects and engineers

    2. Arches, vaults, concrete, bricks

    3. Architecture that surprises and astonishes

    4. Anthropomorphic architecture

    5. Marble mania- polychromy

    6. Mystery spaces and funhouse effects- controlled vistas

    7. Contrasting size columns juxtaposed

    8. Theatrical and Baroque architecture- see it but cannot reach it

C. The Domus Aurea - A.D. 64 [view an image of the sketch-plan of Domus Aurea]

    1. Post-fire pleasure villa in downtown Rome

    2. Altering of the Sacra Via

    3. The Colossos by Zenodorus of Rhodes

    4. Free use of concrete- lack of trabeated supports

    5. Huge axially contrived spaces

    6. Popularity of domes

    7. Optical illusions, creative use of light, air and water

     8. The Fourth Style- Baroque, flamboyant painting, Fabullus of the Domus Aurea

        a. Fantastic massive architecture
        b. Elaborate upper course
        c. Impossible combinations of architecture
        d. House of the Vettii in Pompeii

D. The Death of Nero

    1. Gaius Iulius Vindex of Gallia Lugdunensis supports Galba

    2. Senate deposes Nero and sentences him to death

    3. The End of the Julio-Claudian emperors