340b Lecture 21

Lecture 21: The Beginning of the Roman Empire

A. Timeline Review

    1. 753 - 509 B.C. The Kings in Rome

    2. 509 - 31 B.C. The Roman Republic

     3. 31 B.C.- 4th century A.D. and beyond-- the Roman Empire

B. Events of the Late Republic

    1. 44 B.C.- Murder of Julius Caesar

    2. The Struggle for Power

        a. Mark Antony, Consul of Rome
        b. Lepidus
        c. Gaius Octavianus- the great nephew of Julius Caesar
        d. Splitting of the Caesarian Party

    3. The Second Triumvirate III VIR RPC-- 43 B.C.

        a. Antony in the East- the new Dionysus, the alliance with Octavia
        b. Cleopatra "weds" Mark Antony 33 B.C.
        c. Octavian- in Italy, Gaul and Spain
        d. The Battle of Actium 31 B.C.on the northwest Greek coast   

B. Augustus- man of mystery, gangster or angel

    1.31 B.C.- A.D. 14- Rules the Roman Empire

    2. Myth of the Return to the Republic

    3. Julio-Claudians

    4. Philhellene

    5. Master of  Propaganda

    6. Aid to the poor, farmers and veterans

    7. Primus inter pares

    8. 29 B.C.- returns to Rome, Dyarchy

    9. Weltanschauung- Map of Agrippa, Survey of Empire, Cosmic allegories

    10. Pax Augusta- Augustan peace, the Golden Age, Golden Saeculum, imperium

    11. Tribunicia Potestas- originally 2 tribunes from 494 B.C.

        a. Praetorship- requires you to first be tribne
        b. Praetor- heads justice department

    12. Pontifex Maximus

    13. Coinage

    14. Military triumphs- Judaea Capta, Gaul and Spain, Egypt, Ethiopia, return of  the Parthian Standards

C. The Domus Augusti- House of Augustus and Livia on the Palatine Hill

D. Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, north of Rome