340b Lecture 13

Lecture 13: The Rise of Rome--From the Beginnings

A. The Latins

    1. Latium- urnfield invasion

    2. Mix of Apennine stock, Greeks, Villanovans, other

    3. Not Etruscans

    4. Trojan descendants?

    5. The Foundation Legend of Aeneas of Troy

        a. Fall of Troy 1184 B.C.
        b. Son of Anchises and Venus, father of Ascanius
        c. Penates
        d. Latinus and daughter Lavinia
        e. Ally of Arcadian Evander of Pallantium
        f. Enemy of Turnus, king of the Rutulians of Ardea
        g. Enemy of Mezentius, king of Cerveteri
        h. Lavinium= Ostia

B. Ascanius and Alba Longa, southeast of Rome

    1. The 12 kings

    2. Numitor dethroned by brother Amulius

    3. Rhea Silvia- daughter of Numitor must become a Vestal

    4. Mars and Rhea

    5. Romulus and Remus

    6. Amulius casts the children into the Tiber

    7. Faustulus

    8. She-wolf, woodpecker

    9. Amulius killed

C. 7 Kings of Rome

    1. 753-509 B.C.

    2. Romulus, Numa, Ancus Martius, Tullus Hostilius, Tarquinius Priscus
        Servius Tullius, Tarquinius Superbus

    3. The Palatine Hill- Casa Romuli

    4. Sepolcreto

    5. 7th century B.C.- forum houses

    6. 625 B.C.- Etruscan takeover of Rome

    7. Tarquinius Priscus- forum, circus maximus

    8. Tarquinius Superbus- 509 B.C. completes Capitolium-- Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus on the Capitoline Hill-first major temple in Rome

    9. Sibylline Books

D. Roman Republic 509-31 B.C.

    1. Development of the Roman Forum [view an image showing the plan for the Forum in the 5th century B.C. and in the 4th century B.C.]

     2. End of the Velabrum and Sepolcreto 615 B.C. and increase in building

E. Buildings of the Roman Forum

    1. Temple of Saturn 493 B.C.

    2. Temple of Castor and Pollux 484 B.C.

    3. The Regia -7th century B.C.

        a. Capellacio
        b. Shrine of Mars
        c. Numa and Ancus
        d. Pontifex Maximus - fasti and nefasti, auspices, marriages, burials