340b Lecture 33

Lecture 33: Roman Mosaics

A. The Very First Mosaics

    1. Mesopotamia- 4th millennium, Ur and Uruk

    2. Gordion, Turkey- 8th century B.C. Phrygian pebble mosaics

    3. Pella in Macedonia- Greek pebble mosaics 4th century B.C.

    4. Carthage, Tunisia- 4th century B.C. the first true mosaics

    5. Delos- Hellenistic Greek mosaics 2nd century B.C.

B. Roman Mosaics

    1. All over patterns vs. emblemata

    2. The Elements of a Roman Mosaic- Vitruvius

        a. Statumen

        b. Rudus

        c. Nucleus

        d. Supranucleus

        e. Interstices and grout

    3. The Alexander Mosaic at Pompeii- House of the Faun ca. 80 B.C.

    4. Encaustic Technique- painting in wax, The Knucklebone Players, Herculaneum

C. How to Lift a Roman Mosaic