340b Lecture 30

Lecture 30: The Last Days of  Pompeii

A. Pompeii

    1. South of Naples, Italy, near Herculaneum, Stabia, Cumae

    2. 15,000 people- small working class town

    3. Lava spur on plain of  Mount Vesuvius

    4. Oscans

    5. 424 B.C.- Samnite invasion

    6. 80 B.C.- colonia of Sulla

B. Excavation

    1. Ca. 1600- Domenico Fontana cuts Sarno River channel

    2. 18th century- discovery of the Theater of Herculaneum

    3. Charles III- Bourbon King of Naples, with wife Maria Amelia

    4. Johann Joachim Winckelmann 1760s

    5. Giuseppe Fiorelli 1860

    6. Vittorio Spinazzola- 3 volumes, 1900-1950

    7. Mau, Maiuri, Della Corta, Richardson

C. The Roman Pompeian House- from 200 BC [view an image showing the plan of a typical Roman house]

    1. Fauces

    2. Ostium

    3. Atrium

    4. Lararium

    5. Penates

    6. Tablinum

    7. Tabernae

    8. Peristylum

    9. Hortus

    10. Cubiculum

    11. Triclinium

    12. Compluvium

    13. Impluvium

    14. Cisterna

D. The Forum of Pompeii

    1. Temple of Apollo

    2. Eumachia Building

    3. Temple of the Deified Vespasian

    4. Basilica

    5. Curia and Comitium

    6. Capitolium

     7. Market (macellum) and mensa ponderaria

E. Bakeries- pistrinum, meta [view an image of a baker's oven, Pompeian flour mill, loaf of bread and more]

F. Theater and Amphitheater

G. Temple of Isis