340b Lecture 14

Lecture 14: Rome in the Archaic Period

A. The "Servian" Wall- possibly 4th century B.C. but thought to be 6th century B.C.

    1. Grotta Oscura tufa

    2. Capellaccio tufa

B. The Circus Maximus-south of the Palatine hill, north of the Aventine [view an image of a reconstructed view of the Curcus Maximus in the early 4th century]

    1. Carceres

    2. Auriga

    3. Missus

    4. Meta

C. The Lapis Niger

    1. The black stone pavement in the northwest corner of the forum

    2. Burial site or heroon?

    3. Tomb of Romulus or Faustulus

    4. Taboo Spot with lion guardians

D. The Curia Hostilia

    1. Tullus Hostilius the 4th Roman king

    2. 30 divisions of 3 original tribes of patricians= curiae

    3. Senate house [view an image of the latest version of the Curia, reconstructed in the later 3rd century A. D.]

E. The Precinct of Vesta- Atrium Vestae and Temple of Vesta [view an image of the Temple of Vesta at right foreground, 1st c. A.D. reconstruction of Vestals house behind]

    1. Brought from Lavinium by Numa, king of Rome

    2. Vesta, goddess of the hearth

    3. The Penates

    4. The Palladium

    5. Vestalia- July 9th festival for mothers, millers and bakers

    6. The Vestal Virgins- ages 6-10 when chosen by lot, serve 30 years

F. Problems in the Forum

    1. Increasing population- has cattle and fish markets

    2. Rostrum

    3. Greek ridicule

    4. Attack of the Gauls- ca. 390 B.C.