340b Lecture 10

Lecture 10:  The Last Days of Etruria

A. The Classical Period 500-300 B.C.

    1. Tomb of the Triclinium, Tarquinia- ca. 470 B.C.

            a. Classical Style- no beards, no braids
            b. More reasonable proportions- no bulging thighs, no Archaic smile
            c. More 3/4 views
            d. Pupil migrates towards bridge of nose

2. Tomb of Orcus, Tarquinia- ca. 300 B.C.

        a. Velia and Arnth Velcha
        b. Praxitelean style- after Praxiteles, the Athenian sculptor
        c. Hades and Persephone
        d. Geryon
        e. Ajax
        f. Agamemnon
        g. Teiresias of Thebes
        h. Theseus
        i. Tuchulcha

    2. Etruria begins to decline

    3. Apollo of Falerii Veteres ca. 300 B.C. -

        a. Baroque influences of Lysippus, the Greek sculptor
        b. The Matthew McConaughey look!

B. The Hellenistic Period 300-30 B.C.

    1. The François Tomb at Vulci- Alessandro Francois

    2. Scene from the Iliad- Programmatic- Sacrifice of Trojan Captives

        a. Ajax son of Oileus and Ajax son of Telamon
        b. Achilles at Tomb of Patroclus
        c. Charu and Vanth

    3. Vel Satie and the toga pincta

C. The Fall of Etruria

    1. 474 B.C.- Loss to Syracuse at naval battle of Cumae

    2. 396 B.C.- the Fall of Veii

    3. 390 B.C.- the Gallic invasion

    4. 280 B.C. - Tarquinia and Vulci fall to Rome

    5. 273 B.C.- fall of Cerveteri